mppu international



"I learned with deep sorrow the news of the death of Emanuele Crestini, Mayor of Rocca di Papa, who died as a result of the burns he reported because, after the explosion in the town hall, he had worked to rescue all the people who were inside the building, giving an example of courage, altruism and generosity towards his fellow citizens ". Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, said.

Rocca di Papa is a member of the “Associazione Città per la fraternità”, a network of cities committed to implementing fraternity in the life and policy of the city, taking inspiration from the thought of Chiara Lubich and the life of Focolare Movement she founded. It has its international  headquarters in Rocca di Papa. Maria Voce, President of the Focolare Movement wrote as follows:




On Friday, over 8,000 Venezuelans crossed the border at Tumbes, the largest number ever recorded on a single day. Of them, 4,700 requested asylum in Peru, also an unprecedented number in one single day. 

“People are arriving in a more and more vulnerable situation,” said Federico Agusti, head of UNHCR in Peru.

“Some have been walking for 30 or 40 days through various countries in the region. We see people suffering from malnutrition or dehydration and people with medical problems. There are more and more families with children,” he explained. 

The Peruvian authorities have issued a statement that same day explaining that, due to this massive influx of refugees and migrants, a special contingency plan would be put in place, and Venezuelan refugees are now required to have a passport and a visa in order to enter the country. Until now, each Venezuelan was asked only for a basic document, such as an ID or an Andean Card to be allowed entry into Peru.

The total number of Venezuelan refugees and migrants in the country now stands at about 800,000. In total, to date, Peru has received over 280,000 asylum applications by Venezuelan citizens and given temporary residence permits to over 390,000.  

Peruvian authorities, UNHCR and its partners, including over a dozen NGOs at the border are working around the clock on the ground, to process the arrivals, providing humanitarian assistance, medical care, information, legal support to refugees and migrants on both sides of the border.

According to the UN refugee agency, Peru’s new visa requirements for Venezuelans are having an impact on Ecuador’s northern border with Colombia, through which 8,380 Venezuelans entered on Friday, according to the authorities.

The UN and its partners are also present there providing much needed humanitarian assistance, protection services, to save lives and alleviate suffering in support of the Ecuadorian Government and civil society groups.   

Give the scale of the crisis and the levels of need recorded, the UN calls on the international community to step up its support to countries like Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, that have been receiving the vast majority of the 4 million refugees and migrants from Venezuela, most of whom are in need of life-saving assistance. 

To date, the Regional Response Plan for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela, remains severely under-funded, with close to 79 per cent of funding requirements (US$ 580 million) still unmet.

This week, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, will be visiting Venezuela, from Wednesday to Friday, at the invitation of the Government. During her visit to the capital, Caracas, she will meet with President Nicolás Maduro Moros and several Government officials, will hold discussions with the President of the National Assembly, Juan Guaidó, and will engage with victims of human rights violations and abuses and  civil society representatives.


Mppu operates every day so that this important political experiment can progress and contribute to unity in the rich diversity of the entire world community.

"United in diversity", the motto of the European Union, first came into use in 2000.

It signifies how Europeans have come together, in the form of the EU, to work for peace and prosperity, while at the same time being enriched by the continent's many different cultures, traditions and languages.
Bulgarian: Обединен в многообразието
Croatian: Ujedinjeni u različitosti
Czech: Jednotná v rozmanitosti
Danish: Forenet i mangfoldighed
Dutch: In verscheidenheid verenigd
English: United in diversity
Estonian: Ühinenud mitmekesisuses
Finnish: Moninaisuudessaan yhtenäinen
French: Unie dans la diversité
German: In Vielfalt geeint
Greek: Ενωμένοι στην πολυμορφία
Hungarian: Egység a sokféleségben
Irish: Aontaithe san éagsúlacht
Italian: Unita nella diversità
Latvian: Vienota dažādībā
Lithuanian: Suvienijusi įvairovę
Maltese: Magħquda fid-diversità
Polish: Zjednoczona w różnorodności
Portuguese: Unida na diversidade
Romanian: Uniţi în diversitate
Slovak: Zjednotení v rozmanitosti
Slovene: Združena v raznolikosti
Spanish: Unida en la diversidad
Swedish: Förenade i mångfalden


As Colombian farmers struggle against climate change, Japanese researchers and a private company are helping them increase rice production using less water.

FONTAGRO is a unique cooperation mechanism between countries of Latin America and the Caribbean and Spain, than as a strategy to improve security food, with criteria of equity and sustainability, contributing to the reduction of poverty, has prioritized the research and innovation through project support and initiatives, within which the project is called “Más arroz con menos emisiones y menor consumo de agua” (More rice with fewer emissions and lower water consumption), led by the National Federation of Arroceros (Fedearroz), from Colombia and with the participation of La Molina Agrarian University, of Peru and the Institute of Agricultural Research (INIA) of Chile.

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협치, 신뢰받는 디지털 세계를 위하여

파디 체하데 Fadi Chehadé 세계를 뒤흔들고 있는 현재 미래의 디지털 쟁점들에 대해 이해하고 이를 다루는 디지털 협치 시스템 digital co-governance system 제안한다. 그는 디지털 거버넌스digital governance 공간에서의 주요 기관들 중에 하나인  아이칸(ICANN)[1] 책임자로서 자신이 했던 경험과 디지털 협력에 관한 유엔 사무총장 직속 고위급 자문위원회UN Secretary General’s High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation》의 멤버로서 일해온 경력을 바탕으로 같은 제안을 하는 것이다.


안토니오 구테흐스António Guterres 유엔 사무총장은 각국 정부들과 민간 부문, 그리고 시민 사회가 디지털 세계를 다스릴 새로운 메커니즘을 확립해 것을 요청한 있다. 구테흐스 사무총장은   같은 메커니즘이 몇몇 규범들과 프로토콜protocol[2]들을 창출하는 과정에서, () 각국 정부들과 기업인 공동체, 과학자 공동체, 시민 사회 모든 이해 당사자들을 하나로 묶어 주어야 하지만, 이것이 관료체제나 규제 같은 엄격하고 융통성이 없는 형태를 통해 이루어져서는 ()”이라며 저는 이것이 단지 각국 정부 간에 협의해서 진행하는 과정에만 그칠 수는 없다고 확신합니다라고 말했다.


파디 체하데 Fadi Chehadé 제안하고 있는 바의 핵심은 디지털 규범들을 고안해내는 메커니즘과, 규범들을 채택하여 시행하는 주체들을 서로 분리decoupling하자는 있다. 이로써 기술의 진화 속도에 따라 규범을 마련하는 과정도 보다 신속해질 있을 것이다. 한편 각국 정부는 규범들이 적합하다고 여길 , 법적 규제 수단들과 더불어 이를 시행할 것이기에, 제안은 각국 정부의 같은 역할도 존중한다.    


출처: 글쓴이 응게어 우즈Ngaire Woods

2019 2 1 - BSG (Blavatnik School of Government) FACULTY,





파디 체하데 Fadi Chehadé 아이칸(ICANN) 전임前任 회장 CEO(2012-2016)였고, 《디지털 협력에 관한 유엔 사무총장 직속 고위급 자문위원회UN Secretary Generals High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation》의 멤버이자, 세계경제포럼World Economic Forum 본부의 4 산업혁명 자문위원회》멤버이다.

그는 2019 로마 협치 대회Rome Co-Governance 2019』에서 《도시들